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But "the sum of years before and after Jesus Christ" referred to the years between a number of instants at the beginning of those years, including the beginning of year 0, identified by Cassini as "Jesus Christ", virtually identical to Kepler's "Christi".Consider the three instants ('years') labeled beginning at 1.0 outside the interval.The modern English term "before Christ" (BC) is only a rough equivalent, not a direct translation, of Bede's Latin phrase ante incarnationis dominicae tempus ("before the time of the lord's incarnation"), which was itself never abbreviated.Bede's singular use of 'BC' continued to be used sporadically throughout the Middle Ages.Previous Christian histories used anno mundi ("in the year of the world") beginning on the first day of creation, or anno Adami ("in the year of Adam") beginning at the creation of Adam five days later (the sixth day of creation according to the Genesis creation narrative), used by Africanus, or anno Abrahami ("in the year of Abraham") beginning 3,412 years after Creation according to the Septuagint, used by Eusebius of Caesarea, all of which assigned "one" to the year beginning at Creation, or the creation of Adam, or the birth of Abraham, respectively.Bede continued this earlier tradition relative to the AD era.Originally, years were adjectives (1st year, second year, et cetera).This system is because, at the time, people did not know about 0. He may or may not have wanted 0-Time (a singularity of time), but he wanted to maintain the cycle of leap years.
The first extensive use (hundreds of times) of 'BC' occurred in Fasciculus Temporum by Werner Rolevinck in 1474, alongside years of the world (anno mundi).He defined the Year 0 as the year-long duration containing the leap year before the Year 4.Because the system is based on durations of time instead of a temporal singularity of 0-Time, the 0th year is unsigned.Wherever a modern zero would have been used, Bede and Dionysius Exiguus did use Latin number words, or the word nulla (meaning "nothing") alongside Roman numerals.
Zero was invented in India in the sixth century, and was either transferred or reinvented by the Arabs by about the eighth century.The Anno Domini era was introduced in 525 by Scythian monk Dionysius Exiguus (c. 544), who used it to identify the years on his Easter table.